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EE-9 "Cascavel" armored reconnaissance vehicle

EE-9 "Cascavel" armored reconnaissance vehicle was developed by Brazilian company "Engesa" alongside with EE-11 armored personnel carrier. Both vehicles have a number of common parts and devices. EE-9 serial production began in 1974 and since 1975 vehicle was supplied to Brazilian Armed Forces and exported to a number of countries. It is used by Bolivian, Columbian, Chile, Qartar armed forces. Some African, Near East, and Asian countries show interest to obtain such vehicle for their armed forces. Vehicles success in world weapon market is determined by its high simple and reliable design, ability to use "Cascavel" for reconnaissance, or support infantry, and fight against enemy main battle tanks.

"Cascavel" is built using main battle tank arrangement scheme. Engine compartment is placed in the rear part of the hull, combat compartment - in the middle, and driving compartment is placed in the front. Vehicle crew consists from driver, commander, and gunner.

The hull and the turret are made from welded multi-layer armor, developed by "Engesa". Such armor is made from two layers of steel: external layer is rigid, while internal layer is less rigid, but more tough. Brazilian research showed that such armor design increases vehicles armored defense. Such defense additionally protects crew from vehicles armor shells, appearing after direct hit of anti-tank gun, guided missile, or grenade launcher. Frontal armor plates are made from 16 mm armor and defend vehicle from large caliber machine guns. Other hull parts defend vehicle against firearms bullets, artillery projectiles and small caliber mines shells.

Reconnaissance vehicles main armament is placed in a two seat armored rotating turret, placed in the combat compartment. EE-9 Mk.II vehicle, used with Brazilian armed forces is fitted with 37-mm gun, while export modification Mk.III has turret mount with 90-mm gun, used in French Armored Reconnaissance vehicle AML-90. Recently produced standard EE-9 Mk.IV has EC-90 half automatic 90-mm gun produced in Brazil under license. Main gun is reloaded manually. It's rate of fire is 6 rounds per minute. It has elevation range from -8Ί to +15Ί. Main gun fires two type simple projectiles: with armor-piercing or High Explosion Fragmentation combat elements. However it is possible to fire armor-piercing-cumulative projectiles with compressing warheads fitted with plastic explosives, smoke, fragmentation or case-shot projectiles, fitted with sparrow shape combat elements. Vehicle's combat load consists from 44 projectiles. 12 of them are placed in the turret, while the others are in the hull.

Additional armament consists from coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun, mounted in the turret, 12.7-mm anti aircraft machine gun and smoke grenade launchers, placed from the both sides of the turret.

Vehicle commander and gunner both can execute fire from the main gun. Commander's seat is placed left from the main gun and gunners - right. They both use combined day and night periscope sight. Vehicle commander additionally is equipped with day and night panoramic sight.

Gunner has one periscope observation device, while commander use three similar observation devices, built-in in his turret. "Cascavel" is fitted with laser rangefinder, placed on the main gun. "Engesa" company is recently developing a stabilized in both planes fire control system, which will allow execute sighted fire on the move.


E-9 "Cascavel" modifications Mk.II, III, IV are powered by 6V-53N V-type 6-cylinder engines, developed by "Detroit Diesel". Engine has maximum power of 212 h.p. Vehicle modifications Mk.V, VI, VII are powered by OM352A 190 h.p. diesel engines, developed by "Mercedes Benz". All modifications are fitted with the same MT-643 automatic hydromechanic transmission, developed by USA company "Allison".

"Cascavel" chassis is based on 6 x 6 wheeled formula. Vehicle use wheels with 14.50 x 20 mm dimensions. Frontal wheels have independent suspension, based on springs and hydraulic absorbers. Rear both axis are tightly connected using "boomerang" principle. Rear axis pare has a large vertical step in 0.9 m. Wheels are fitted with centralized air pressure system allows to increase significantly overall vehicle cross-country performance. "Cascavel" manages 0.6 m vertical step, 1 m wide trench and 1 m depth water obstacle. Vehicle has no movement on water abilities.

EE-9 has a maximum road speed in 100 km/h.

Mainly it's internal equipment depends from customer requirements. Standard vehicle variant is fitted with radio set, tank communication device, fire-extinguishing sources. There is ability to place Nuclear, Biological, Chemical protection system, air conditioner or heater.

EE-9 "Cascavel" armored reconnaissance vehicle was used in combat actions by Iraq Armed Forces during the Gulf War.


VAB Variants Operated VAB- HOT-2, VAB-VCI, VAB-VTT
Developer: GIAT (France) 

The was produced by Saviem and Renault and the main difference between the versions produced by these companies is the fact that the Renault version has hydrojets and Saviem version is without the hydrojet.

The VAB VCI Dragar is an armoured infantry fighting and support vehicle and a means of transport on the battlefield, thanks to its high mobility and special armour. The Dragar carries a crew of 8 - a pilot and one man in the front compartment, a gunner in the turret and 5 men in the rear compartment. The total combat weight of the 4 x 4 version is 12.6 tonnes while the 6 x 6 version weighs 13.8 tonnes. It is armed with a 25 mm GIAT industries 25 M 811 gun with dual feeding, a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun and 6 Galix grenade launchers. The Dragar has protection against 7.62 mm AP (armour piercing) rounds at any distance and, among various other options, can be fitted with a laser rangefinder and a thermal camera with a 2 500 m range.

 EE-3 "Jararaca" light wheeled armored reconnaissance vehicle
EE-3 "Jararaca" light wheeled armored reconnaissance vehicle was developed by Brazilian company "Engesa" at the end of 70-ties. Vehicle is intended for reconnaissance and patrolling. Furthermore it was intended to use as a self-propelled chassis base, fitted with anti-tank or anti-aircraft guided missile complexes. EE-3 is serially produced by "Engesa" company since 1980. It is used with Brazilian armored forces and is exported to a number of African and Latin-American countries.

   Driving compartment is placed at the front, combat compartment - at the middle, and engine compartment is placed at the rear part of the hull. Vehicle crew consists from driver, commander, and signaler-observer.

   "Jararaca" has a full closed armored hull, made from multi-layer welded armor, also used with other "Engesa" company wheeled armored vehicles. Such armor is made from two layers of steel: external layer is rigid, while internal layer is less rigid, but more tough. Brazilian research showed that such armor design increases vehicles armored defense. Such defense additionally protects crew from vehicles armor shells, appearing after direct hit of anti-tank gun, guided missile, or grenade launcher.

   Driving compartment is fitted with three periscope observation devices. Driver gets to his compartment threw a hatch in the roof. Rotating commander's turret is placed behind the driving compartment in the right side from vehicles central axis. Commander's turret is also fitted with three periscope observation devices. 12.7-mm machine gun is mounted on the turret roof. Machine gun can be fired distantly from the inside of the turret. Signaler's-observers seat is placed left from the commander's turret. Signaler has it's separate hatch. Besides "Jararaca" has entrance threw armored door placed in the middle of the left board.

   Vehicle is fitted with 4-cylinder OM 314A 120 h.p. diesel engine, developed by "Mercedes-Benz". Vehicle is blocked with "Clark" mechanical transmission.

   "Jararaca's" chassis has 4 x 4 wheel formula. Frontal wheels are directing. Wheels have independent suspension, based on springs and hydraulic absorbers. Vehicle is fitted with a wider dimension tyres with developed protector pattern and centralized air pressure system.

   On the road EE-3 reaches maximum speed of 100 km/h. It manages 0.4 m vertical step, 0.5 m wide trench, 0.6 m ford. Vehicle has no movement on water abilities.

   "Jararaca" is equipped with radio set, night vision device, fire-extinguishing means. It can be additionally fitted with Nuclear Biological Chemical protection system.

   On EE-3 base there were developed self-propelled anti-tank missile complex "Milan" and chemical and radioactive reconnaissance vehicle. There were built "Jararaca" variants fitted with 7.62-mm machine gun, 20-mm automatic gun, 60-mm grenade launcher, or 104-mm recoilless gun. 

Armed with a MILAN Anti Tank


The (Vιhicule de Combat d'Infanterie) was originally developed in the early 1950s to meet the requirements of the French Army. The first prototype was completed in 1955 and the first production vehicles in 1957 at the Atelier de Construction Roanne (ARE). When the ARE (which is now part of Nexter Systems and previously Giat Industries and is currently prime contractor for Leclerc MBT) started production of the AMX-30 MBT, production of the complete AMX-13 tank family, including the AMX VCI, was transferred to the Creusot-Loire facility at Chβlon-sur-Saτne. When originally introduced into service with the French Army the vehicle was called the Transport de Troupe Chenillι Model 56 (or TT 12 CH Mle 56 for short). This was later changed to the Vιhicule Transport de Personnel (or AMX VTP) and to the Vιhicule de Combat d'Infanterie. It was used in large numbers by the French Army but has been replaced by the now Nexter Systems AMX-10P amphibious ICV. It is believed that total production of the vehicle amounted to approximately 3,400 vehicles.In more recent years production and marketing of the complete range of AMX-13 family of light armoured vehicles, including the VCI infantry combat vehicle, was carried out by Mecanique Creusot-Loire. This company is no longer involved in the design, development or production of armoured fighting vehicles. From the 1970s many countries started to phase the AMX VCI out of front line service. Mexico has taken delivery of 401 AMX VCI series vehicles from Belgium. These were

The chassis of the AMX VCI is similar to that of the AMX-13 light tank. The hull of the AMX VCI is of all-welded steel armour and is divided into three compartments, with the driver and engine compartments at the front and the troop compartment at the rear. The all-welded steel armour provides the occupants with protection from small arms fire and shell splinters. The highest level of protection is over the frontal arc of the AMX VCI. The driver is seated at the front of the vehicle on the left with the engine compartment to his right. The driver has a single-piece hatch cover that opens to the left, in front of which are three day periscopes. The centre periscope can be replaced by an infra-red or image intensification periscope for night driving. The original Sofam petrol engine is mounted facing the rear and can be removed through the roof in 40 minutes. The engine transmits power via the clutch to the gearbox at the front of the hull, to the right of which is the Cleveland-type steering differential. Mounted on the glacis plate is a splashboard to prevent water rushing up the front of the vehicle when fording and a replacement wheel is normally carried on the glacis plate. The troop compartment is behind and above the driver with the gunner seated on the left and the vehicle commander to his right. When the VCI was originally introduced into the French Army, the gunner had a single-piece

The Leonidas APC is based on the Steyer Daimler Puch model 4K7FA, and was built domestically by Steyer Ellas (now ELVO) starting in 1982. Additional units were also sold to the National Guard of Cyprus.




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